Ortogonalização e normalização

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Metadata

  • CONTEXTO : Primeiro ciclo universitário
  • AREA: Matemática
  • DISCIPLINA: Álgebra Linear
  • ANO: 1
  • LINGUA: pt
  • AUTOR: Equipa Álgebra Linear
  • MATERIA PRINCIPAL: Produtos internos e normas
  • DESCRICAO: Ortogo e norm em subespaço
  • DIFICULDADE: easy
  • TEMPO MEDIO DE RESOLUCAO: 10 mn
  • TEMPO MAXIMO DE RESOLUCAO: 30 mn
  • PALAVRAS CHAVE:

Considere a seguinte base de \( \mathbb{R}^3 \) \(\left\{\left(\begin{array}{c}-1\\-2\\-1\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-1\\1\\2\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-1\\-2\\1\\\end{array}\right)\right\}\). Diga qual dos seguintes conjuntos corresponde á ortonormalização desta base.

A)\(\left\{\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\-\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}\\-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\\0\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\\end{array}\right)\right\}\), B)\(\left\{\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\\-\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\\0\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\-\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\\\end{array}\right)\right\}\), C)\(\left\{\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\-\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{30}}\\-\sqrt{\frac{2}{15}}\\-\sqrt{\frac{5}{6}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{2}{\sqrt{5}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{5}}\\0\\\end{array}\right)\right\}\), D)\(\left\{\left(\begin{array}{c}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\-\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\sqrt{\frac{5}{42}}\\4\sqrt{\frac{2}{105}}\\\frac{11}{\sqrt{210}}\\\end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{c}-\sqrt{\frac{5}{7}}\\\frac{1}{\sqrt{35}}\\-\frac{3}{\sqrt{35}}\\\end{array}\right)\right\}\)


Para obter o zip que contém as instâncias deste exercício clique aqui[1]

Se deseja obter o código fonte que gera os exercícios contacte miguel.dziergwa@ist.utl.pt