Group Coordinator: Carlos Manuel Faria de Barros Henriques
Main scientific objectives of CATHPRO are organized in five research areas
1 – Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Treatment and Modification of catalysts and adsorbents
Catalysts and adsorbents design and engineering will focus on: zeolites and zeotypes (ALPOs, SAPOs and MeAPOs, isomorphous substitution); metal oxides supported on porous materials; ordered mesoporous silicas used as inorganic supports; hierarchical materials combining micro and mesopores to decrease reactants/products diffusion limitations; core-shell multifunctional catalysts (reactions selectivity improvement); easily recoverable silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with porphyrins/phthalocyanines; washcoating of zeolite catalysts on ceramic monoliths and foams; supported catalysts for olefin polymerization and ROP, based on modified mesoporous silicas.
2 – Catalysis for Energy
The following subjects will be addressed in this area: catalysis for oil refining, transformation of biomass renewable feedstocks and use of CO2 as feedstock for fuels and chemicals. In oil refining field the research will focus on hydrocarbon transformations over acidic and bifunctional zeolite catalysts, including cracking, hydrocracking and hydroisomerization; microwave-based oil shale extraction and catalytic transformation. Also, co-processing of conventional crude with bio-oils derived from lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis and conversion of saccharides using zeolites will be explored. The use of CO2 as feedstock for fuels and chemicals will involve the development of zeolite-based hybrid multifunctional catalysts for methanation reaction and for CO2/methane transformation into methanol and dimethyl-ether (DME).
3 – Environmental Catalysis
Major environmental pollution issues include the development of stable catalysts for the control of: NOx emissions from automotive and stationary sources, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions and pesticides, active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Other aspects of environmental protection, such as reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and its capture will be investigated, aiming the development of sustainable catalytic and adsorption technologies. The use of multifunctional catalysts will be extended to other water and wastewater treatments, via photocatalysis and will constitute an additional compelling challenge.
4 – Catalysis for functional and nanostructured polymers
Main research objectives include the production of functional polyolefins and polyesters, nanostructured PE/UHMWPE blends and polymer nanocomposites derived from these polymer matrixes. Properly controlled chemistry routes, based on coordination polymerization and/or ring opening polymerization (ROP), combined with various types of nanoparticles (mesoporous silicas, nanowhiskers, graphene) playing the role of support/fillers, will be used. Correlation between synthesis and structural parameters as well as physical and functional behaviour of the polymeric materials will be another goal to achieve.
5 – Industrial Catalytic Processes Modelling and Control
The modelling and control of industrial units and plants will be applied to the design of new solutions driven from the research conducted in CQE or applied to real industrial cases. The following topics will be continued and further work will be developed using different software packages as MATLAB, gPROMS, GAMS and FORTRAN: Dynamic Modelling, Control and Optimization of Industrial Refining and Petrochemical Processes, Design of Reactive Distillation Columns, Modelling and Fault Tolerant Control of Continuous Pilot-scale and Industrial Plants, Modelling and Simulation of Ca-based Sorbent Looping Cycle Systems for Post-combustion CO2 Capture, and Decentralized Wastewater Treatment, Modelling, Monitoring and Control.
M. Filipa Ribeiro
José Madeira Lopes
M. Rosário Ribeiro
João Miguel Silva
Maria del Carmen Bacariza
Ana Elisa Ferreira
Collaborators & Other researchers
Ana Paula Ferreira
Rui Bartolomeu, Bruno Azambre, Alexandre Westermann, Auguste Fernandes, Raquel Bértolo, Houeida Issa Hamoud, Carlos Henriques, Patrick Da Costa, Filipa Ribeiro, “Investigation of the nature of silver species on different Ag-containing NOx reduction catalysts: on the effect of the support”, Applied Catalysis B 150–151 (2014) 204–217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.12.021
I. Graça, L.V. González, M.C. Bacariza, A. Fernandes, C. Henriques, J.M. Lopes, M.F. Ribeiro” CO2 hydrogenation into CH4 on NiHNaUSY zeolites”, Applied Catalysis B 147 (2014) 101–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.08.010
Ana Neto, Sébastien Thomas, Gary Bond, Frédéric Thibault-Starzyk, Filipa Ribeiro and Carlos Henriques, “The Oil Shale Transformation in the Presence of an Acidic BEA 2 Zeolite under Microwave Irradiation”, Energy Fuels 28 (2014) 2365–2377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef4023898
Mónica Silva, Auguste Fernandes, Suse S. Bebiano, Mário J. F. Calvete, M. Filipa Ribeiro, Hugh D. Burrows and Mariette M. Pereira, “Size and ability do matter! Influence of acidity and pore size on the synthesis of hindered halogenated meso-phenyl porphyrins catalysed by porous solid oxides”, Chem. Commun., 50 (2014), 6571-6573. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4CC01100G
Inês Graça, José M. Lopes, Henrique S. Cerqueira and Maria F. Ribeiro, “Bio-oils Upgrading for Second Generation Biofuels” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 52 (2013) 275-287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie301714x
Rui Bartolomeu, Raquel Bértolo, Sandra Casale, Auguste Fernandes, Carlos Henriques, Patrick da Costa, Filipa Ribeiro, “Particular characteristics of silver species on Ag-exchanged LTL zeolite in K and H form” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 169 (2013) 137–147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.10.015
A. Martins, J. M. Silva, M. F. Ribeiro, “Influence of rare earth elements on the acid and metal sites of Pt/HBEA catalyst for short chain n-alkane hydroisomerization” Applied Catalysis A 466 (2013) 293–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2013.06.043
M. L. Cerrada, E. Pérez, J. P .Lourenço, A. Bento, M. Rosário Ribeiro, “Decorated MCM-41/polyethylene hybrids: Crystalline details and viscoelastic behaviour” Polymer 54 (2013) 2611-2629. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.03.010
A. Bento, J. P. Lourenço, A. Fernandes, M. L. Cerrada, M. Rosário Ribeiro, “Functionalization of mesoporous MCM-41 (nano)particles: preparation methodologies, role on catalytic features and dispersion within PE nanocomposites”, ChemCatChem, 5 (2013) 966–976. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201200639
Domingues, L., Pinheiro, C.I.C., Oliveira, N.M.C., Fernandes, J., Vilelas, A., “Model Development and Validation of Ethyl tert-Butyl Ether Production Reactors Using Industrial Plant Data“, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 51 (2012) 15018–15031 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie302030j)