WP4 – Innovative mobility solutions

Innovative solutions able to cope with urban metabolism and improve Cities’ Mobility and Accessibility levels are urgently required. These must make best use of available capacity, streamlining and optimizing the different modes of transport while being supported by ICT enabling smart mobility chains. The main goal of WP4 is to develop innovative mobility solutions focusing on the promotion of energy, environmental and economic efficiency transport chains (door-to-­door). This requires the streamlining of private and public transport services, fully integrated in efficient infrastructure use and supported on adequate financing mechanisms. It also includes alternative vehicle technology and possible new energy requirements, the optimization of public transportation services and the assessment of alternative transportation systems.

This Work Package is divided in 6 tasks:

Task 1 (Testbed component)

Vehicle monitoring

The assessment and promotion of efficient individual vehicles will be pursued through the installation, by the company iTds, of about 50 on-­board vehicle monitoring devices that will obtain information on vehicle usage dynamics (speed, acceleration, road grade, trip statistics, daily paths, etc.), energy consumption and emission profiles. The data will be collected, treated and stored in real time as described in WP2, allowing for detailed analysis of driving behavior and events during trips. We will use the data to gain knowledge on current mobility paths and to develop feedback mechanisms (daily, weekly or monthly) to provide the users with information about the cost, energy and emissions resulting of their mobility choices.

Task 2 (Testbed component)

Use-­case testing

This task will test the implications of ICT feedback mechanisms in transportation with three pilot applications: rewarding efficient driving for private drivers in conventional and alternative vehicle technologies; innovative tolling systems, in particular a geo-­tolling system; and integrated household/mobility energy efficiency promotion. This task will receive inputs from WP1 and WP3 on road network and usage, weather conditions, and vehicle, driver and households.

Task 3 (Testbed component)

Study of  optimal  planning  of  charging  infrastructures  for  Electric  Vehicles (EVs)

Based on measured mobility patterns and on-­‐road characterization of specific EV, hypothetical EV geo-­located energy requirements will be estimated. This will allow assessing the associated infrastructure needs in terms of slow and fast charging stations in public places (streets, parking places and service  stations), residential buildings, and service buildings.

Task 4 (Testbed component)

User needs

This task will collect GPS traces from the on-­board vehicle monitoring devices (private and public vehicles), taxi fleets (public transport), and personal smartphones (pedestrians) to study the origin and destination of individual trips. Generation of this information without explicitly asking the user is relevant to the development of innovative mobility solutions, namely by taking advantage of user’s behavior models and lists of interests. This task will go beyond the current detection of stopping points which only gives approximate information and needs the user to name the  place.  By including geographic information as constraints to the clustering algorithms of GPS points we first intend to determine the correct origin/destination (e.g. obtained from openstreetmap), and then to semantically enrich these places using complementary information from the web.

Task 5

Urban mobility models

This task focuses on assembling urban mobility models to match needs (inputs from task 1 and 2) with interactions between public and alternative transportation systems. It includes testing opportunities to improve their economic performance by providing an efficient layout of services constrained by the available resources: estimating transport needs (people and goods) from land uses; changing the specifications of services (i.e. commercial speed, routes design, stop locations, fares), so that they influence the mode choice selection of household members and businesses when performing their travel agenda and mobility plans. It will assess the interactions between these agents with  the  sector regulator and effective and potential users, through models to assure efficient mobility in the city and equitable access to transport networks. Models will test mobility chains blending traditional public and private transport services with innovative on-­demand and collaborative (e.g. car sharing, etc) solutions. This task directly relates to the models developed in WP1.

Task 6 (Testbed component)

Designing sustainable mobility solutions

The objective of this task is to identify alternative mobility chains. Sustainable mobility solutions require a shift of the transport paradigm from the traditional modal approach towards seamless door-­to-­door chains. In this new paradigm the modes of transport are less relevant; the critical element is the integrated transport chain and the fulfillment of travelers’ requirements (in terms of time, price, comfort, reliability, etc.). Seamless door-­to-­door transport chains require full integration of the public and private transport services. Although this integration is easy to conceive, it is hard to achieve due to uncertainties on demand, production and governance structure. The analysis will be based on the real time information obtained in Task 2.